Main Author: Mohammad Zubaid
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University
To identify the characteristics, treatments and hospital outcomes for patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in the Gulf area.
Prospective, multinational, multicentre, observational survey of consecutive ACS patients who were admitted to 65 hospitals during May 2006.
A total of 1484 ACS patients were recruited. The mean age was 55 years, and 76% were men. The final discharge diagnosis was ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in 37%, non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in 32%, left bundle branch block myocardial infarction (LBBB MI) in 2%, and unstable angina in 29%. Among patients with STEMI and LBBB MI, the reperfusion rate was 65%, with use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention in 7% and thrombolytic therapy in 93%. When thrombolytic therapy was used, the median door to needle time was 45 minutes, with 37% receiving it within 30 minutes of hospital presentation. During the first day of hospitalization, aspirin was administered to 94%, clopidogrel to 51%, and beta blockers to 65%. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/Angiotensin receptor blockers and statins were used in 62% and 82%, respectively. Coronary angiography during hospitalization was performed in 21%. In-hospital mortality was 3%.
We were able to determine the characteristics, treatments and in-hospital outcomes of patients hospitalized with ACS in our region. There is room for improvement in using medications, reducing needle to door time and utilizing more cardiac catheterization services.